Hazard Perception Test NSW
The Hazard Perception Test NSW (HPT) is a computer based test. Before you can book your driving test you have to pass the hazard perception test. It is part of the testing process to progress from a learner driver to a Provisional drivers licence.
What is the Hazard Perception Test
The test is designed to test your ability to identify hazards whilst driving. During the test you will be presented with a number of real life scenarios that you might encounter whilst driving.
Then using a touch screen computer you have to respond appropriately to any hazardous situations. The purpose of the test is twofold. Firstly to make sure you can identify basic hazardous situations.
Secondly to make sure you know how to respond appropriately to each hazardous situation. Then when you can identify and respond to hazards appropriately you will be allowed to book your actual on road driving test.
What is a Hazard when driving?
When driving a hazard is any situation that could lead to a negative outcome such as an accident. There are many situations that could be dangerous when driving. The hazard perception test focuses on the 5 most common crash types
- Rear end collisions which account for about 30% of all accidents and 3% of fatal crashes.
- Collisions at intersections which represent about 16% of all accidents and 5% of fatalities.
- Head-on collisions which account for about 16% of all accidents and 26% of fatal crashes.
- Running off a straight road and hitting an object which is about 11% of all accidents and 18% of Fatal crashes.
- Running off the road on a curve or bend and hitting an object which is about 11% of all accidents and accounts for 22% of all fatal accidents.
Statistics show that young drivers aged under 25 are 3 times more likely to be involved in a crash. An obvious reason for this is that young drivers are less experienced than older drivers. Which means they have had less time and opportunity to develop their ability to recognise hazards, and more importantly how to respond to a hazard. A great way to improve your ability to recognise hazards and drive safely is to do the FREE Keys2Drive Lesson and the Safer Driver Course.
How to pass Hazard Perception Test NSW
There are many things you can do to improve your ability to recognise and respond appropriately to hazards whilst driving.
Learn the 5 most common crash types listed above and how to avoid those crash types. This is covered in the Safer Drivers Course. The 4 most common risk factors for a provisional driver to be involved in a motor vehicle accident.
- Safe following distance. If you are travelling at a safe distance behind the car in front of you then you will have time to stop in the event of an emergency.
- Crash Avoidance Space and Gap Selection: If you maintain your crash avoidance space and do not enter the other vehicles crash avoidance space you will dramatically reduce your chance of being in an accident. Make sure you have a big enough gap when turning in front of another vehicle or overtaking.
- Speed Management: Travel at a safe speed for the conditions of the road. The speed limit is the maximum speed under ideal conditions. If the conditions are not ideal due to rain, traffic, pedestrians, road works or poor visibility reduce your speed. This will give you time to respond in an emergency.
- Make sure you look far enough ahead when driving. Too many drivers do not look far enough ahead. Then when there is an emergency they do not see it until it is too late. The earlier you can see a hazard the more time you will have to respond to it.